Channel

Overview

Channel is implemented as a lock-free and thread-safe ring buffer inspired by LMAX Disruptor. It is optimized specially for different combinations of writers and readers,

  • ss: single writer and single reader.
  • sm: single writer and multiple readers.
  • ms: multiple writers and single reader.
  • mm: multiple writers and multiple readers.

Index

csp_chan_declare(K, T, I)


csp_chan_declare(K, T, I) declares the channel related functions prototypes. It is usually used in the .h file.

  • K: Kind of the channel, i.e. ss, sm, ms or mm.
  • T: Type of elements in the channel, e.g. int.
  • I: Identifier of the channel. It’s used to avoid naming conflicts with other channels.

Example:

csp_chan_declare(ss, int, integer);

csp_chan_define(K, T, I)


csp_chan_define(K, T, I) implements the declared channel. K, T and I must be the same as that in csp_chan_declare. It is usually used in the .c file.

Example:

csp_chan_define(ss, int, integer);

csp_chan_t(I)


csp_chan_t(I) is the type of the declared channel. I is identifier of the channel.

Example:

csp_chan_t(integer) *chn;

csp_chan_new(I)


csp_chan_new(I) creates a new channel object. It has one parameter,

  • size_t exp: it means the exponent of the channel capacity, i.e. capacity = 2^exp.

It returns pointer to the channel if success, otherwise NULL.

Example:

// The capacity is 2^6, i.e. 64.
csp_chan_t(integer) *chn = csp_chan_new(integer)(6);

csp_chan_try_push(chn, item)


csp_chan_try_push(chn, item) tries to push an item to the channel.

  • chn: The channel.
  • item: The item to push.

It will returns true if success, otherwise false.

Example:

if (csp_chan_try_push(chn, 1024)) {
  printf("pushed!\n");
}

csp_chan_push(chn, item)


csp_chan_push(chn, item) pushes an item to the channel. It will block until it successes.

  • chn: The channel.
  • item: The item to push.

Example:

csp_chan_push(chn, 1024);

csp_chan_try_pop(chn, item)


csp_chan_try_pop(chn, item) tries to pop an item from the channel.

  • chn: The channel.
  • item: The place to put the popped item.

It will return true if success, otherwise false.

Example:

int num;
if (csp_chan_try_pop(chn, &num)) {
  printf("poped number is %d\n", num);
}

csp_chan_pop(chn, item)


csp_chan_pop(chn, item) pops an item from the channel. It will block until it successes.

  • chn: The channel.
  • item: The place to put the popped item.

Example:

int num;
csp_chan_pop(chn, &num);

csp_chan_try_pushm(chn, items, n)


csp_chan_try_pushm(chn, items, n) tries to push n items to the channel.

  • chn: The channel.
  • items: The item to push.
  • n: The number of items we want to push.

It will returns true if success, otherwise false.

Example:

int nums[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8};
if (csp_chan_try_pushm(chn, nums, sizeof(nums)/sizeof(int))) {
  printf("pushed!\n");
}

csp_chan_pushm(chn, items, n)


csp_chan_pushm(chn, items, n) push n items to the channel. It will block until it successes.

  • chn: The channel.
  • items: The item to push.
  • n: The number of items we want to push.

Example:

int nums[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8};
csp_chan_pushm(chn, nums, sizeof(nums)/sizeof(int));

csp_chan_try_popm(chn, items, n)


csp_chan_try_popm(chn, items, n) tries to pop multiple items from the channel.

  • chn: The channel.
  • items: The place to put the popped items.
  • n: The capacity of the items.

It will return the number of items popped.

Example:

int nums[8];
size_t n = csp_chan_try_popm(chn, nums, sizeof(nums)/sizeof(int));
printf("poped %ld numbers\n", n);

csp_chan_popm(chn, items, n)


csp_chan_popm(chn, items, n) pop n items from the channel. It will block until it successes.

  • chn: The channel.
  • items: The place to put the popped items.
  • n: The number of items we want to pop.

Example:

int nums[8];
csp_chan_popm(chn, nums, sizeof(nums)/sizeof(int));

csp_chan_destroy(chn)


csp_chan_destroy(chn) destroys the channel.

Example:

csp_chan_destroy(chn);